Charles Brooks, Caswell Co., NC

I first ran across Charles Brooks in the ancestry.com online version of Katherine Kerr Kendall’s abstracts, “Will Books of Caswell Co., NC, 1777-1814 & 1814-1843.” According to the Will Book Abstracts, Charles Brooks wrote his will in Caswell Co., NC 7 Oct 1815 and mentioned his wife, Sally Brooks and “brother-in-law” Nathan Williams and son George Brooks to execute his estate. Charles Brooks’ will was proved in Caswell Co., NC in January court 1816.

Charles’ wife, Sally Brooks, was the daughter of Colonel Henry Williams. In his will written 1785, Henry Williams listed his daughter “Sally Brooks” as an heir (and son Nathan Williams). Sally Williams Brooks was the sister of Susannah Williams Brooks, wife of Christopher Brooks.

The following is a brief summary of who Charles Brooks was, however there is no indication about who his parents were. I hope to add more about that later. Kay Haden’s Rootsweb Family Tree File listed Charles Brooks as one of the sons of Thomas Brookes and Mary Blacknall. She also has Christopher Brookes (md. Susannah Williams) and George Brookes as brothers of Charles Brookes. They were both mentioned in the Kingston Parish Registry of Gloucester / Mathews Co., VA as sons of Thomas and Mary: “_______her Brookes”, baptized February 1755, son of Thomas and Mary; and “George Brookes,” born May 8 and baptized 12 Jun 1757, son of Thomas and Mary (p. 14).

Charles Brooks

Charles Brooks was born between 1756-1765 (1800 & 1810 Census reports) and died in Caswell Co., NC between 15 October 1815 when he wrote his will, and Jan 1816, when his will was proved. He married Sally or Sarah Williams, daughter of Henry Williams before 1785 (mentioned in father’s will of 1785 as Sally Brooks). Sarah or Sally was born between 1766 and 1770, according to the 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, & 1840 Census reports and died about January 1841 in Caswell Co., NC. (Sarah’s son George posted bond for administration of his mother’s estate on 4 Jan 1841).

There is no marriage recorded in Caswell Co., NC between Charles Brooks and Sarah/Sally Williams (Caswell Co marriage bonds, online, USGenWeb). If they married before 1777, the marriage bond could have been filed in Orange Co., NC (Caswell was formed from Orange Co., NC in 1777), or other neighboring counties (Orange was split to form Guilford, Chatham and Wake Counties in 1771; Caswell County in 1779); A search of the online archives for these counties did not bring up a marriage record. Based on the ages reported by the census reports for Sally and Charles Brooks, they were probably married between 1776-1785. They did not have any children older than 15 years listed on the 1800 census report, so that puts the birth of first child (still living) at about 1785, so probably their marriage date was more likely around 1785.

Charles was not listed on the 1777 Tax List, so he was probably not yet 21 or still living at home. He was listed on the 1784 tax list, however, he was not taxed for any land; Although he was listed on the 1784 tax list and the 1800 census report, he was not listed on the 1790 census report for any counties in NC.

Charles Brooks did not file for any land grants in Caswell Co. NC. (The grantor / grantee indexes on microfilm were not clear enough to see if there were any entries for Charles) To Do: I need to search the Deed book abstracts by Kendall to see if he bought or sold any land in NC - update 8/1/07: There were several entries in the deed book abstracts for Charles Brooks: 15, 53, 55, 57, 67, 87, 116, 136, 153, 166, 182, 188, 196, 252, 262, 292, 321, 339, 348, 356, 362. This blog entry will be updated as copies are obtained of these entries.

Charles and Sally Williams Brooks had 15 known children who were born between 1785 (1800 Caswell Co., NC census) and 1816 (when Sally Brooks deeded all of her property to her 15 children listed by name. Caswell Co., NC Deed book R, p. 273-4):

1. Blacknell Brooks
2. Patsy Brooks
3. George Brooks
4. Ursley Brooks
5. Polly Brooks
6. Elizabeth Brooks
7. Henry Brooks
8. Susannah Brooks
9. Jane Brooks
10. Sally Brooks
>11. Frances Brooks
12. Rebekah Brooks
13. Dolly Brooks
14. Henrietta Brooks
15. Melinda Brooks

According to the 1800 census report, there were 3 male children and 6 female children under the age of 15 living in the home.

Timeline of Events for Charles and Sally/Sarah Brooks:

8/1/07: Updated from Katherine Kerr Kendall’s Caswell County, North Carolina Deed Books, 1777-1817, Abstracts:

1779

Deed Book A, p. 254, State of NC, No. 30, to Thomas Brooks, 570 acres on both sides of Moon’s Creek and McCorkles Creek of Moon’s. 3 Mar 1779. chain carriers were Wm. Holderness and Chas. Brooks. (Caswell Co., NC Deed Books, 1777-1817, Abstracts, Katherine Kerr Kendall, p. 15)

1784
1784 Tax List, St. David’s District, Charles Brooks, 0 ac, 1wp, 0 bp (Will Book Abstracts, p. 139)

1785
Henry Williams mentions daughter Sally Brooks in his will written 12 April 1785, Caswell Co., NC

Caswell Co., deed book C, p. 105, 10 July 1785, William Holderness of Caswell Co., to William Page of same, for 161 pounds, 266 acres on Moon’s creek adjacent Robert Embry, Thos. Brooks, Henry Cobb, William Adkins. Witnesses: Tho. Brooks Sen., Charles Brooks. (Caswell Co., NC Deed Books, 1777-1817, Abstracts, Katherine Kerr Kendall, p. 67)

1794

Caswell Co. deed book H, p. 396-7: Thomas Brooks of Caswell Co., NC to Charles B. Brooks of same, for 100 pounds, 200 acres on Moon’s Creek adjacent Page, Swift. 18 Feb 1794. Witnesses were William Holderness, Jonathan Brooks, and Ann Brooks. (Caswell Co., NC Deed Books, 1777-1817, Abstracts, Katherine Kerr Kendall, p. 153)

1795
“Charles B. Brooks” bought items from the estate of Thomas Brooks Jun., 18 Feb 1794. Other buyers included Jane Brooks, Edmund Williamson, Will Page, Sen., Armstead Flippin, Jonathan Brooks, and Azariah Graves. The sales report was given by Jane Brooks, and Armistead Flippin, administrators. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall p. 48 – Will Book C, p. 116, April Court 1795).

Charles Brooks also bought items from the estate of Henry Williams, 22 Sept 1795. Other buyers included William Rice, Elizabeth Williams, Malon Stacy, Samuel Dickie, Humphrey Roberts, Richard Oldham, Thomas Slade, Eli Stacy, Joseph Williams, Nathan Williams, William H Rice, David Gooch, James Yancey, and George Poe. Report given by William Rice, executor. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall p. 50 – Book C, p. 140, October court 1795).

* I am not sure if this is Henry Williams, Charles Brooks’ father-in-law, or a son of Henry Williams. Henry Williams died in 1786 and this estate sale was in 1795, which is 10 years after his death. I will check the estate records to see if this was included in Henry Williams’ estate

1799
Charles Brooks bought items from the estate of Mary Simpson. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, abstracts by Kendall, p. 65 – Will Book C, p. 388, April Court 1799).

1800
“Chas Brooks” was enumerated on the 1800 Caswell Co., NC Census report (Hillsboro), p. 148: In the household, there were 1 male under 10 years of age, 2 males between 10-15 years, 1 male between 26-44 years (Charles), 4 females under the age of 10, 2 females between 10-15 years, and 1 female between 26 – 44 years of age (wife); Both Charles and his wife were born bet. 1756-1774.

1801
Charles Brooks purchased items from the estate of Macksfield Henslee. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 78 – Will Book D, p. 79, October Court 1801).

1803
Charles Brooks purchased items from the estate of John Brown dec’d, 22 Nov 1798. Report given by John H. Brown. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 85 – Will Book D, p. 162, April Court 1803)

1810
Charles Brooks purchased items from the estate of Joseph Bush. Other buyers included Maryann Bush, Zenas Bush, Thomas Harrelson, Betsy Flemming, John Simmons, Archibald Rice, Stephen Ingram, … Thomas Holderness, Hosea McNeill, etc (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 118- Will Book F, p. 109, April Court 1810)

Charles Brooks was enumerated on the 1810 Caswell Co., NC Census Report, p. 48: In the household, there was 1 male between the ages of 10-15, 1 male between the ages of 16-25, 1 male over 45 years of age, 5 females under the age of 10, 2 females between 10-15 years, 3 females between 16-25 years and 1 female between 26- 44 years of age. Charles was born before 1765; His wife was born between 1766-1784.

1815
“Charles H. Brooks” wrote a will 7 Oct 1815 and mentioned wife Sally Brooks to raise all children and brother-in-law Nathan Williams and son George Brooks to execute the estate.

Charles Brooks died in Caswell Co., NC between 7 Oct 1815 and Jan 1816.

Is there a copy of his will filed in Caswell County Will folders at the NC State Archives?

1816
Charles’ will was proved Jan court 1816: “Charles H. Brooks,” will written 7 Oct 1815, wife Sally Brooks to raise children and dispose of estate at her discretion. Exec: Brother in law Nathan Williams, son George Brooks. Wits: Henrietta Rice, Jesse Payne. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 9 – Will Book G, p. 134, Jan court 1816).

To do: Copy, scan and transcribe the will of Charles Brooks, 1816, Caswell Co., NC from the NC State Archives.

George Brooks purchased 1 sorrel mare and 1 bay horse from the estate of Charles H. Brooks, 29 Jan 1816. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 10 – Will Book G, p. 159, April Court 1816).

Nathan Williams and George Brooks, executors of the estate of Charles Brooks, submitted a statement of property of Charles Brooks, deceased. There was a note against Edmund Rice that was due 1815. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 11 – Will Book G, April Court 1816)

Sally Brooks, George Brooks, William H. Rice, Samuel Fielder, Nathaniel Rice & others purchased items from the estate of Elizabeth Williams, 29 Jan 1816.
(Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 11 – Book G, p. 180, April Court 1816).

Sally Brooks of Caswell Co., to beloved children Blacknell Brooks, Patsy Bush, George Brooks, Ursley Brooks, Polly Brooks, Elizabeth Brooks, Henry brooks, Susannah Brooks, Jane Brooks, Sally Brooks, Frances Brooks, Rebekah Brooks, Dolly Brooks, Henrietta Brooks, Melinda Brooks, for love and affection, all her property after her decease or intermarriage. If 3 youngest are under 12, brother Nathan Williams and son George Brooks should be execs; each to have 15/17 part exept a colt known as Medley. 21 Mar 1816. Wits: Gregory Hightowner, John Walterfield. (Caswell Co., NC Deed Book R (1777-1817), p. 1816, 273-4)

1820
1820 Caswell Co., NC Census Report:
Sarah Brooks household: 1 male 16 to 26; 1 female under 10, 3 females 10 to 16, 2 females 16 to 26, 1 female 26 to 45, 1 female over 45 years; 6 slaves. Sarah Brooks was born before 1775.

1826
Salley Brookes was a “debtor” to the estate of Dr. Edward Foulkes, per ledgers A, B, and C, accounts dating back to 1818. This list is 6 pages long. Also included as debtors were people from other counties. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 79 – Will Book L, p. 52, April Court 1826).

1830
1830 Caswell Co., NC Census Report:
Sarah Brooks, 1m 30-40; 1f 15-20, 1f 20-30, 1f 60-70; + 9 slaves
Sarah was born bet. 1760-1770.

1840
1840 Caswell Co., NC Census Report:
Sarah Brooks, 1f 5-10 (probably a granddaughter), 1f 20-30, 1f 70-80
Sarah Brooks was born between 1760-1770.

1842
In the January court 1842, George Brooks reported on the Inventory of negroes of Sarah Brooks, deceased, which were sold to Richard Jones, Saml. Moore, Henry W. Brooks, & Henry Cobb. (Caswell Co., NC Will Books, Abstracts by Kendall, p. 155 – Will Book O, p. 317, Jan court 1842).

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2 Responses

  1. I was researching my ggrandfather Charles Brooks Rice (1832-1877 in southern Illinois, born in TN, father Stephen) and ran across this post. My father was named Brooks Rice.

    Do you know the relationship between Charles Brooks and William Rice? Do you think he may have named a son or grandson after Charles Brooks? Just an outside shot. I am having trouble finding the right Rices to hook up to.

    • Hi Phyllis,

      Stephen Rice, father of Charles Brooks Rice could have been from two different families:
      First:
      Charles Brooks (above) married Sally Williams. Charles Brooks’ brother Christopher married Sally Williams’ sister Susannah Williams. So Christopher and Charles Brooks married two Williams sisters. Christopher Brooks died at a young age (< 30), and his wife, Susannah Williams Brooks remarried to William Higgason Rice. William Higgason Rice raised Susannah and Christopher Brooks' young son Christopher Williams Brooks as his own.

      Susannah Williams Brooks Rice died about 1795 and William H Rice remarried to Sally Gooch. They had a son named Stephen D Rice, b. 1798 in NC. I only have 4 children listed for this Stephen Rice – William H, Stephen Jr., Eliza, and Minerva, and I believe all of them died in Caswell Co., NC.

      Second:
      I have a Stephen F Rice b. 1770 md Mary Gooch, daughter of William Gooch and Sally Kerr. Sally Kerr was the daughter of Alexander Kerr and Mary Rice. Sally Kerr's brother was John Kerr. John Kerr's daughter Isabella Kerr married Christopher Williams Brooks, son of Susannah Williams and Christopher Brooks mentioned in #1 above.

      It is hard to untangle all of these Rice and Gooch families of Caswell Co., NC. There were two main Rice families – John (b. c. 1798) and Mary Rice and John (b. c. 1720) and Leticia Estes Rice. I think the Brooks family mentioned in my post above came from John and Mary.

      If you would like to send me more information about your Charles Brooks Rice and Stephen Rice, feel free to email me at ginger.reney at gmail.com.

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